An Azimuthal projection showing the Arctic Ocean and the North Pole.

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is defined as the point in the northern hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets the Earth's surface.

Magnetic pole

It should not be confused with the North Magnetic Pole.


The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole.


It defines latitude 90° North, as well as the direction of True North.

South pole

While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, the North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean, amidst waters that are almost permanently covered with constantly shifting sea ice. This makes it impossible to construct a permanent station at the North Pole (unlike the South Pole).


At the North Pole all directions point south.

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