Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (in (Pashto/Urdu: فخر افغان خان عبد الغفار خان/خان عبدالغفار خان), is one of the recipients of Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India.


He was a Pashtun political and spiritual leader known for his non-violent opposition to British Rule in India.

As a lifelong pacifist, a devout Muslim, and a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he was also known as "Frontier Gandhi" in addition to his other names.


In 1985 he was nominated for the Nobel peace prize.

In 1987 he became the first non-citizen to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award.

Early years

Ghaffar Khan with Mahatma Gandhi‎

Ghaffar Khan forged a close, spiritual, and uninhibited friendship with Mahatma Gandhi, the pioneer of non-violent mass civil disobedience in India. The two had a deep admiration towards each other and worked together closely till 1947.

In 1931 the Congress offered him the presidency of the party, but he refused saying, "I am a simple soldier and Khudai Khidmatgar, and I only want to serve."

See also

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