Gulzarilal Nanda is one of the recipients of Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India.


Gulzārilāl Nandā (lang-hi|गुलजारीलाल नन्दा) (Born on July 4, 1898 and lived up to January 15, 1998).

Early life

Nanda was born in Sialkot in the Punjab Province of British India. (After the partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, Sialkot became a part of the Punjab Province of Pakistan.) Nanda received his education in Lahore, Agra, and Allahabad.

Nanda worked as a research scholar on labor problems at Allahabad University (1920-1921), and became a Professor of Economics at National College in Bombay (Mumbai) in 1921. The same year, he joined the Indian Non-Cooperation Movement against the British Raj. In 1922, he became secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association where he worked until 1946.

Official life

He was an Indian an economist with specialization in labor problems. He was the interim Prime Minister of India twice for thirteen days each: the first time after the death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, and the second time after the death of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966. (His both terms had ended after the ruling Indian National Congress party procedurally elected a new prime minister.)

The Government of India also honored Nanda with a the highest civilian award of India.

Political life

He was an Indian politician and a follower of Mahatma Gandhi's principles.

He was imprisoned for Satyagraha in 1932, and again from 1942 to 1944.

See also

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